Joan Miro, L'enfance d'Ubu, 1975
|Artista:||Miro, Joan (1893 - 1983)|
|Título:||L'enfance d'Ubu, 1975|
|Dimensiones del Ilustración:||20 in x 12 3/4 in (50.8 cm x 32.4 cm)|
|Dimensiones del Papel:||20 in x 12 3/4 in (50.8 cm x 32.4 cm)|
|Dimensiones del Marco:||33 3/4 in x 26 1/4 in (85.7 cm x 66.7 cm)|
|Firmado:||This work is hand-signed by Joan Miró (Barcelona, 1893 - Palma, 1983) in pencil in the lower right margin.|
|Edición:||Numbered 41/120 in pencil in the lower left margin; aside from 20 hors commerce copies, numbered I to XX.|
|Condición:||A print with bold blacks and vivid colors, in excellent condition.|
L'enfance d'Ubu is one of three illustrated books inspired by the French playwright Alfred Jarry's (1873-1907) plays Ubu Roi, Ubu Cocu, and Ubu Enchaîné. Seen as precursors to the Surrealist theater of the 1920's and 1930's, these absurd and burlesque texts moved Miró to create L'enfance d'Ubu. This album of color lithographs contains many double portraits of curious creatures. Sticklike four-legged beasts crawl across the page to greet exuberant, honeybee figures standing upright. As the title attests, this print is a song of childhood, of secret worlds populated by fantastic beings and alive with color.
Created in 1975, this work is the fifth color lithograph included in an album of 24 lithographs under the same title. Hand-signed by Joan Miró (Barcelona, 1893 - Palma, 1983) in pencil in the lower right margin, the piece is numbered 41/120 in pencil at the lower left. A total edition of 140 copies printed on Arches wove or japan nacré exists, comprising a signed and numbered edition of 120, to which our print belongs, and an additional 20 hors commerce copies, numbered from I to XX. Printed by Mourlot, Paris, the album was published by Tériade Editeur, also in Paris.
Catalogue Raisonné & COA:
1. Maeght Éditeur. Joan Miró: Lithographs, Vol. V 1972-1975. Paris: Maeght Éditeur. Listed and illustrated as catalogue raisonné no. 1005 on p. 122.
2. Cramer, Patrick. Joan Miró, The Illustrated Books: catalogue raisonné. Geneva: Patrick Cramer, Publisher, 1989. Listed and illustrated as catalogue no. 204 on pgs. 506-507.
3. A Certificate of Authenticity will accompany this work.
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|Estilo:||Surrealism, 20th Century Modern Surrealist Spanish Master|
Biografía de Joan Miro
Joan Miró Ferra was born April 20, 1893, in Barcelona. At the age of 14, he went to business school in Barcelona and also attended La Lonja’s Escuela Superior de Artes Industriales y Bellas Artes in the same city. Upon completing three years of art studies, he took a position as a clerk. After suffering a nervous breakdown, he abandoned business and resumed his art studies, attending Francesc Galí’s Escola d’Art in Barcelona from 1912 to 1915. Miró received early encouragement from the dealer José Dalmau, who gave him his first solo show at his gallery in Barcelona in 1918. In 1917, he met Francis Picabia.
In 1920, Miró made his first trip to Paris, where he met Pablo Picasso. From this time, Miró divided his time between Paris and Montroig, Spain. In Paris, he associated with the poets Max Jacob, Pierre Reverdy, and Tristan Tzara and participated in Dada activities. Dalmau organized Miró’s first solo show in Paris, at the Galerie la Licorne in 1921. His work was included in the Salon d’Automne of 1923. In 1924, Miró joined the Surrealist group. His solo show at the Galerie Pierre, Paris, in 1925 was a major Surrealist event; Miró was included in the first Surrealist exhibition at the Galerie Pierre that same year. He visited the Netherlands in 1928 and began a series of paintings inspired by Dutch masters. This year he also executed his first papiers collés and collages. In 1929, he started his experiments in lithography. Miro's first etchings date from 1933. During the early 1930s, he made Surrealist sculptures incorporating painted stones and found objects. In 1936, Miró left Spain because of the civil war; he returned in 1941. Also in 1936, Miró was included in the exhibitions Cubism and Abstract Art and Fantastic Art, Dada, Surrealism at the Museum of Modern Art, New York. The following year, he was commissioned to create a monumental work for the Paris World’s Fair.
Miró’s first major museum retrospective was held at the Museum of Modern Art, New York, in 1941. That year, Miró began working in ceramics with Josep Lloréns y Artigas and started to concentrate on prints; from 1954 to 1958, he worked almost exclusively in Miro prints and ceramics. He received the Grand Prize for Graphic Work at the Venice Biennale in 1954, and his work was included in the first Documenta exhibition in Kassel the following year. In 1958, he was given a Guggenheim International Award for murals for the UNESCO building in Paris. The following year, he resumed painting, initiating a series of mural-sized canvases. During the 1960s, he began to work intensively in sculpture. Miró retrospectives took place at the Musée National d’Art Moderne, Paris, in 1962, and the Grand Palais, Paris, in 1974. He also worked with carborundum around this time. In 1978, the Musée National d’Art Moderne exhibited over 500 works in a major retrospective of Miro original drawings. Joan Miro died December 25, 1983, in Palma de Mallorca, Spain.
Joan Miro prints and unique original works are commonly seen in museums and art galleries in USA and Europe.
Joan Miró created a large wool and hemp tapestry titled "The World Trade Center Tapestry" that adorned the lobby of 2 World Trade Center. It was destroyed by the collapse of the tower on September 11, 2001. ¹
¹ Lives and Treasures Taken. Library of Congress.
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